Traditionally, the incidence of erectile dysfunction (ED) increases with the age of a man, evolutionarily protecting him from passing on old, defective genes to his offspring by limiting his participation in sexual activity. Nevertheless, in the modern world, only 1 % of sexual contacts are carried out for the purpose of reproduction, the rest – with a recreational and social purpose. In addition, there has been an increasing number of cases of ED in young men lately. The problem of treating ED in young patients (up to 45 years old) requires an etiological approach.
The objective: to determine the effectiveness of etiological non-surgical (treatment of prostatitis, psychotherapy) or minimally invasive (Marmara operation, veno-occlusive surgery, PRP-therapy) treatment of young men with ED.
Materials and methods. On the basis of the Kharkiv Regional Medical Clinical Center for Urology and Nephrology named after V.I. Shapoval and on the basis of the P. Mogila Black Sea National University (Nikolaev) during 2014–2020. a comprehensive examination and treatment of 563 patients was carried out, which were divided into three supergroups (A, B and C) according to the prevailing factor: 156 patients with venoocclusive erectile dysfunction – supergroup A, 353 patients with chronic prostatitis – supergroup B and 54 patients with predominant psychoneurological disorders and the absence of organic pathology - supergroup C.
Results. The effectiveness of surgical treatment in supergroup A according to subjective data after 2 months was almost equal in groups and subgroups, but after 18 months it was significantly higher in subgroups 1b and 2b (65.4 % and 83.7 %) according to ICEF results, and according to objective data after 18 months – 73.4 % and 91.4 %, respectively. After 1 and 7 months, the effectiveness of treatment in supergroup B was determined by the indices of satisfaction with sexual intercourse on the IIEF scale, the number of patients satisfied with the results of treatment, the absence of prostatic complaints and the eradication of infectious agents. Convincing results were obtained when assessing the quality of life of patients in supergroup C.
Conclusion. Chronic prostatitis is the most common cause of erectile dysfunction ED in young men. Three-week antibacterial etiological treatment demonstrates the highest rates of infection eradication and ICEF recovery in patients with prostatitis. Operation Marmara reduces venous hyperemia of the prostate, lowers the IPSS score, and improves erectile function in patients with comorbid pathology. The use of an etiological approach allows to improve the sexual function of young patients, returning them to a normal sexual life, creating an alternative to falloprosthetics.
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